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Artefacts & Environmental Evidence

Separate reports have been prepared for the ceramic material for the different periods. These are Period 2, Period 3, Period 4, Period 5, Period 6 & Humberware.

Catalogue by period of the coins from Blue Bridge Lane and Fishergate house. These include two 4th century Roman coins, nine from Anglian features being seven sceattas and two stycas, four from monastic period deposits, two pennies and two jettons, one French and two from post-Dissolution or early modern contexts, a trade token and a coin weight.

Animal & fish bone
The analysis of the animal bone assemblages from Roman, Anglian and medieval periods at Blue Bridge Lane and Fishergate House is presented. This is followed by the interpretation of the significance of the of the data, with particular reference to contemporary sites, notably 46-54 Fishergate.

Environmental Evidence
The document reports on the environmental evidence from over 4200 litres of sediment from a number of features and deposits from the Period 2 to Period 8. The majority of samples were taken from pit and scoop fills, but material from gullies, ditches and postholes was also processed. An overall discussion is undertaken and then the report details each sample individually. Preservation of organic material across the site is noted to be poor, and results from several periods were limited. Others, however, yielded significant results. For the Anglian period, a range of cereals were present, the most common being barley, but also including oats, rye, club wheat and wheat; these results were noted to be typical of this period and settlement type.

Human Bone
This document reports on an osteological analysis of human remains recovered from Fishergate House and Blue Bridge Lane, York, including intact inhumations, cremations and disarticulated human remains. The report details the demography of the medieval population, identifying it as typical of a lay cemetery. Evidence for congenital disease, metabolic conditions, infectious diseases, joint diseases, trauma and dental pathology is identified and discussed, before comparison is drawn with a number of medieval cemetery populations.

Building Materials
A report on the ceramic building material, daub, architectural stone, painted wall plaster and window glazing evidence found at Blue Bridge Lane and Fishergate House, York, during excavations of 2000 to 2002. Over 10,000 ceramic building material fragments were recovered, including roof tile and brick, almost 18kg of daub, 54 fragments of architectural stone, 11 fragments of painted wall plaster and a small number of items associated with window glazing. The analysis of ceramic building material also includes the thin-sectioning and chemical analysis of tile fragments. The ceramic building material survives from various phases, including Roman and medieval, while the daub is linked to Anglian settlement on the site. Much of the architectural stone, painted wall plaster and window glazing fragments are derived from the Gilbertine Priory. Significantly the finds at Fishergate House also suggest the presence of another relatively high status, medieval building on the site, not necessarily associated with the priory.

A large assemblage of metalwork was recovered during excavation and was largely dateable to the Anglian and medieval periods; a small assemblage of ironwork was dateable to the Roman period. The assemblage was dominated by structural metalwork, although dress accessories, locks and keys, horse equipment and blades were also recovered.

Stone Objects
The document reports on a range of stone objects recovered during excavations at Blue Bridge Lane and Fishergate House. Finds are datable from the Roman to medieval periods, and were made from lavastone, carnelian, amber, schist, sandstone, limestone, iron pyrites, chalk and jet. The Roman period was represented by a single carnelian intaglio, whilst Anglian finds included querns and whetstones. A jet pendant was found, which dated to the medieval period. The document includes a catalogue of stone finds and a discussion of the material by period.

Analysis of the assemblage of lithic artefacts recovered from excavations at Blue Bridge Lane and Fishergate house. A range of items are recorded, including cores, debitage, blades and flakes, and appear to range in date from potentially as early as the Mesolithic to the early Bronze Age. The majority are flint, though chert and blue agate are also represented in the assemblage. The report describes and tabulates the finds, and is included with a catalogue of the artefacts.

Window & Vessel Glass
Analysis is undertaken of the glass from Blue Bridge Lane and Fishergate House, York. The assemblage is a large one, although a considerable amount of this is modern, or too small for significant analysis. The remaining examples date from the Roman to the late medieval, with the greatest proportion from the Roman period, including tableware and bottles associated with cremation burials. Finds from the late medieval included window glass and fragments from at least 2 urinals. A catalogue of the 36 analysed examples is provided.

Glass Objects
The document reports on a small assemblage of non-vessel glass from excavations at Blue Bridge Lane and Fishergate House, which included six glass beads, one fragment of glass bangle, two gaming counters and three pieces of waste glass. The counters and bangles date to the Roman period, and have parallels at 1st and 2nd century sites, such as Catterick. The beads are Middle Saxon in date, and are compared with finds from the excavations at 46-54 Fishergate. Waste glass provides some evidence for glass-working on the site.

Bone, antler, ivory & horn objects
Analysis of the bone, antler, ivory and horn objects found at Fishergate House and Blue Bridge Lane, York. The assemblage was of a medium size, with small but diverse section of material from the Anglian, early medieval and late medieval periods. The Anglian period is considered in some detail with evidence of the preparation and discard of objects such as combs, pins and handles on the site. The smaller amounts from the medieval period are associated with the monastic use of the site, including knife handles.

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